MIG (Metal Inert Gas) welding is a widely used welding process that requires a shielding gas to protect the weld pool from atmospheric contamination. This shielding gas is used in various industries, including automotive, construction, manufacturing, and repair, for welding mild steel, aluminium, and stainless steel. As such, selecting the appropriate shielding gas is as paramount as the process of welding in ensuring the quality of the final weld.
This blog will give you a closer look at mig shielding gas and provide a comprehensive guide on how to get good value for your investment.
Types of Shielding Gases
MIG welding typically uses three types of shielding gases: pure argon, a mixture of argon and carbon dioxide, and a mixture of argon, carbon dioxide, and oxygen. Pure argon is often used for welding aluminium and other non-ferrous metals, while a mixture of argon and carbon dioxide is commonly used for welding mild steel. A mixture of argon, carbon dioxide, and oxygen is used for welding stainless steel and other high-alloy steel.
Gas Flow Rate
The flow rate of the shielding gas is an important factor in ensuring proper coverage of the weld pool. Too little gas flow can result in insufficient shielding, while too much gas can waste gas and create turbulence. The welding machine typically sets the gas flow rate, and it should be adjusted based on the specific welding conditions. Finding the right balance between gas flow rate and weld quality is necessary.
The purity of the shielding gas is crucial in ensuring consistent welding results. Impurities in the gas can cause porosity, spatter, and other defects in the weld. It is important to verify the purity of the shielding gas before use. High-quality shielding gases are typically available from reputable suppliers who can provide certificates of analysis and other documentation to ensure the gas meets the required purity standards.
Storage and Handling
Proper storage and handling are essential in maintaining their purity and effectiveness. Gases should be stored in a well-ventilated area away from heat, flames, and other ignition sources. Gas cylinders should be securely stored and transported, and regulators and hoses should be inspected regularly for leaks and damage. When handling shielding gases, it is important to follow appropriate safety precautions, such as wearing appropriate personal protective equipment and training in the safe handling and use of the gas.
Getting Good Value for Your Investment
To get the most value for your investment in mig shielding gas, it is essential to choose a high-quality gas supplier who can provide suitable gas for your specific welding needs. Look for a supplier with a reputation for quality and reliability who can provide certificates of analysis and other documentation to ensure the gas meets the required purity standards. Working with a supplier who can provide technical support and guidance on gas selection and usage is also essential.
In conclusion, shielding gas is a critical component in the MIG welding process, and choosing the suitable gas is essential for achieving consistent and high-quality welding results. By understanding the different factors that contribute to the effectiveness of mig shielding gas, welders can ensure that they are maximising their investment and achieving the best possible results. With some research and the right supplier, welders can take their welding to the next level and achieve their desired outcomes.