Being bed-bound or confined to a bed due to illness, injury, or disability can present a range of physical and psychological of difficulties for someone.
The severity of these issues can vary depending on the individual’s condition and circumstances. Still, there are some common issues associated with being bedridden.
To know what to expect, this piece will look at the complications of being bed-bound so that you can take the necessary preventative measures.
Muscle Weakness and Atrophy
When someone is bed-bound for an extended period, one of the first things that suffer is their muscles, which weaken and atrophy due to lack of use. This can lead to a range of physical problems, such as decreased mobility, weakness, coordination loss, and increased risk of falls. This can be resolved with physical therapy when someone is able to move around again. Still, recovery will differ from person to person.
Another common issue faced by people who are bed-bound is the development of pressure sores, which occur when prolonged pressure is applied to a specific area of the body. This happens because those who are bed-bound cannot move around and relieve pressure for long periods. Unfortunately, these sores can be painful and increase the risk of infection, particularly if they are not treated promptly.
If you know someone who has experienced bed sores due to negligence in care, then be sure to get some advice.
Being bed-bound can lead to poor circulation, particularly in the legs and feet. Unfortunately, poor circulation can be extremely dangerous. It can result in swelling, pain, and even blood clots, which can be life-threatening if they travel to the lungs or brain.
You can do some things to help mitigate these potential issues, such as having the legs and feet elevated to help encourage blood flow and prevent pooling around the lower half of the body.
Depression and Anxiety
Being bed-bound can take a toll on a person’s mental health, leading to feelings of isolation, depression, and anxiety. Unfortunately, this relationship can also go hand in hand. This can be particularly challenging for people who are used to an active lifestyle or have a strong social support network and have watched their lives turned upside down.
To add to this, another challenging aspect of being bed-bound is the loss of independence which can also lead to mental health struggles. People who are confined to bed often rely on others for basic needs such as bathing, going to the toilet, and being fed, which can be a very difficult experience.
Being bed-bound can present a range of physical and emotional challenges, and it is important to take steps that can help to mitigate their impact one someone.
Regular repositioning can prevent pressure sores, engaging in physical therapy as much as possible to maintain muscle strength, and seeking support from loved ones or mental health professionals to cope with feelings of depression or anxiety are all essential.